The car industry has such a confusing family tree since the past ten years has seen partnerships, bankruptcies, sales, and separations, which makes it not easy to keep up with who owns which car brands.

As auto producers have slimmed down to become more efficient and profitable, we have seen storied names, like Pontiac, Mercury, Oldsmobile, and Hummer, fade into the history books. We have seen others, like Volvo, Chrysler, and Jaguar, to find new corporate parents.

To help clear up some of the confusion, in this article, we present a list of who owns which car brands in the world, including some retired brands that have products still available as used cars.

BMW: BMW Group

Audi: Volkswagen Group

Alfa Romeo: Fiat Chrysler Automobiles

Bentley: Volkswagen Group

Acura: Honda Motor Company

Buick: General Motors

Chevrolet: General Motors

Dodge: Fiat Chrysler Automobiles

Ford: Ford Motor Co.

Cadillac: General Motors

Fiat: Fiat Chrysler Automobiles

GMC: General Motors

Chrysler: Fiat Chrysler Automobiles

Hyundai: Hyundai Motor Group

Genesis: Hyundai Motor Group

Infiniti: Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance

Honda: Honda Motor Co.

Jeep: Fiat Chrysler Automobiles

Jaguar: Tata Motors

Land Rover: Tata Motors

Kia: Hyundai Motor Group

Lexus: Toyota Motor Corp.

Maserati: Fiat Chrysler Automobiles

Lotus: Zhejiang Geely Holding Group

Mazda: Mazda Motor Corp.

Mercedes-Benz: Daimler AG

Lincoln: Ford Motor Co.

Mini: BMW Group

Mercury: Ford Motor Co.

Nikola: Nikola Motor Company, with manufacturing and investment partnership from General Motors.

Nissan: Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance

Mitsubishi: Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance

Pontiac: General Motors

Ram: Fiat Chrysler Automobiles

Porsche: Volkswagen Group

Polestar: Zhejiang Geely Holding Group

Rolls-Royce: BMW Group

Rivian: Rivian Automotive, with investments from some others like Ford and Amazon

Saturn: General Motors

Saab: brand owned by Saab AB and assets owned by National Electric Vehicle Sweden

Smart: Daimler AG

Scion: Toyota Motor Corp.

Suzuki: Suzuki Motor Corp.

Subaru: Subaru Corp.

Tesla: Tesla Inc.

Volkswagen: Volkswagen Group

Volvo: Zhejiang Geely Holding Group

Toyota: Toyota Motor Corp.