The technology that is considered essential today on modern models has been a process of research and development of many automakers around the world. From Ford, Chevrolet to Ferrari and Porsche, almost every automaker participates in racing at any time. But what is the reason behind that?
This is partly due to the brand‘s promotional purpose. Participating in racing helps brands show off their best products. But simply promoting or pouring millions of dollars into a racetrack cannot help increase sales.
Therefore, in addition to promoting the brand’s image, carmakers have used racing as a test lab for their range of technologies. Modern cars today benefit a lot from technology that has been honed through decades of competition.
Sometimes auto brands join hands with teams or create racing teams, looking for a technological advantage in both racing cars and commercial vehicles. Technological innovations on out-of-market vehicles come from their performance on the track. This brings about revolutionary technology in cars, and customers are beneficiaries.
The use of exhaust air compressors to bring more air into the engine does not originate directly from racing. General Motors has equipped the turbo on the Oldsmobile F85 and Chevrolet Corvair in 1962 before the real turbocharging technology was applied on the F1 track.
The era of racing cars has paved the way for turbocharging technology to really become a trend on today’s cars. Turbocharged engines are still used on performance priority cars, but are increasingly being used by brands to shrink engines to save fuel. The turbocharging technology allows smaller engines to produce more power, which is why Ford only needs to equip the F-150 twin-turbo V6 engine instead of V8.
Some cars and racing cars with four-wheel drive systems have existed before, but Audi Quattro Coupe is the first model equipped with full-time four-wheel drive designed for use on pine cars usually in all road conditions. Based on the experience Audi gained when developing military vehicles Iltis, Quattro was built to dominate the World Rally Championship.
Engineers have bet that the enhanced traction of the full-time four-wheel drive system will be very stable in terrain such as gravel and snow. Quattro was right to prove it after winning the championship in 1983 and 1984 as well as winning three victories at the special Pikes Peak International Hill Climb race.